• Doan Chi Cuong Danang University
  • Vo Van Minh Danang University
  • Phan Nhat Truong Danang University


This study was carried out to assess the heavy metal contents (Zn, Pb and Cr) in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) grown at Tuy Loan and lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) grown at Dien Minh’s vegetable-field. The results showed that the contents of all heavy metals in soil samples didn’t exceed the permissible levels according to GB 15618:1995 and QCVN 03:2008/MONRE. These were accordance with soil assessment by pollution load index (PLI). Similarly, the contents of Zn, Pb, and Cr in Indian mustard and lettuce’s leaves at Tuy Loan and Dien Minh were lower than permissible limits compared with GB13106-1991, GB 2762: 2005 and QCVN 8-2:2011/MOH. Most of the heavy metals contents in roots were higher than in leaves. For Indian mustard, the TFsoil-root values of Zn and Cr from soil to root were higher than TFroot-leaf values from the root to the leaf, which was in contrast with Pb. While, for lettuce, the TFsoil-root values of Zn, and Pb were higher than TFroot-leaf, which was in contrast with Cr. The results also indicated that there weren’t any risk to human health when using vegetables planted at these areas in daily meal (HI < 1).


Rattan, R.K., et al., Long-term impact of irrigation with sewage effluents on heavy metal content in soils, crops and groundwater—a case study. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 2005. 109(3-4): p. 310-322.

Singh, A., et al., Health risk assessment of heavy metals via dietary intake of foodstuffs from the wastewater irrigated site of a dry tropical area of India. Food Chem Toxicol, 2010. 48(2): p. 611-9.

Satpathy D., R.M.V., Dhal S. P., Risk assessment of heavy metals contamination in paddy soil, plants, and grains (Oryza sativa L.) at the East Coast of India. Biomed Res Int, 2014. 2014: p. 545473.

Hương, N.T.L., Nghiên cứu hàm lượng Cu, Pb, Zn trong đất nông nghiệp do ảnh hưởng của nước tưới sông Nhuệ. Tạp chí Khoa học Kỹ thuật Thủy lợi và Môi trường, 2014. 45: p. 84-89.

Adebayo, O.R.a.K.S., Assessment of trace heavy metal contaminations of some selected vegetables irrigated with water from River Benue within Makurdi Metropolis, Benue State Nigeria. Pelagia Research Library, 2011. 2(5): p. 590-601.

Wei, B. and L. Yang, A review of heavy metal contaminations in urban soils, urban road dusts and agricultural soils from China. Microchemical Journal, 2010. 94(2): p. 99-107.

Liu, J., et al., Heavy Metal Contamination in Arable Soils and Vegetables around a Sulfuric Acid Factory, China. CLEAN - Soil, Air, Water, 2012. 40(7): p. 766-772.

Hải, N.X., Ô nhiễm kim loại nặng trong đất và nước vùng trồng hoa và rau xã Tây Tựu, huyện Từ Liêm, Hà Nội. Nông nghiệp và phát triển nông thôn, 2006.

Gyampo, M.A., A. Ntiforo, and M. Kumi, Assessment of Heavy Metals in Waste-Water Irrigated Lettuce in Ghana: The Case of Tamale Municipality. Journal of Sustainable Development, 2012. 5(11).

A.K. Ibrahim, H.Y.a.M.S.A., Assessment of Heavy Metals Accumulated in Wastewater Irrigated Soils and Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) in Kwadon, Gombe State Nigeria. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 2014. 14(6): p. 502-508.

Hakanson, L., An ecological risk index for aquatic pollution control — a sediment ecological Approach. Water Research, 1980. 14: p. 975 – 1001.

Taylor, S.R. and S.M. McLennan, The geochemical evolution of the continental crust. Reviews of Geophysics, 1995. 33(2): p. 241-265.

Bentum, J.K., et al., Assessment of heavy metals pollution of sediments from Fosu lagoon in Ghana. Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia, 2011. 25(2): p. 191-196.

Koushik Sadhu, K.A., Aniruddha Gangopadhyay, Assessment of Heavy Metal Contamination of Soils In and Around Open Cast Mines of Raniganj Area, India. International Journal of Environmental Engineering Research, 2012. 1(2): p. 77-85.

Liu, W.-h., et al., Impacts of sewage irrigation on heavy metal distribution and contamination in Beijing, China. Environment International, 2005. 31(6): p. 805-812.

Olayinka, A.O.H., O.O.a. Nwanya, and F. C, Soil and Water Pollution Levels in and around Urban Scrapyards Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology, 2014. 8(5): p. 60-68.

M., K., et al., An Investigation on As, Cd, Mo and Cu Contents of Soils Surrounding the Meyduk Tailings Dam. Int. J. Environ. Res., 2012. 6(1): p. 173-184.

Cự, N.X., Ảnh hưởng của lượng bón Cu, Pb, Zn đến sự sinh trưởng và tích lũy chúng trong rau cải xanh. Trường Đại học Khoa học Tự nhiên, ĐHQGHN, 2008: p. 83-87.

M.V., S.D.R., Phytoextraction of Cd, Pb, Zn, Cu and Mn by Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) grown on loamy soil amended with heavy metal contaminated municipal solid waste compost. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, 2013. 11(4): p. 661-679.

Luca Marchiol, S.A., Guido Fellet, Giuseppe Zerbi, Germination and Seedling Growth of Indian Mustard Exposed to Cadmium and Chromium. Ital. J. Agron. / Riv. Agron., 2006: p. 45-49.

Mhalappa N. Jagtap, M.V.K.a.P.R.P., Phytoremediation of metal contaminated soils with special reference to Brassica juncea (L.) czern., Macrotyloma Uniflorum Lam Verdc. (Dolichos Biflorus) and Medicago sativa L. An International Pee-Reviewed Jounal, 2013. 2(2): p. 7 - 19.

Abdul Kabir Khan Achakzai, Z.A.B.a.S.A.K., Accumulation of heavy metals by lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) irrigated with different levels of wastewater of Quetta city. Pak. J. Bot., 2011. 43(6): p. 2953-2960.

I Made Siaka, I.M.S.U., I. B. Putra Manuaba, I Made Adnyana, Heavy Metals Contents in the Edible Parts of Some Vegetables Grown in Candi Kuning, Bali and Their Predicted Pollution in the Cultivated Soil. Journal of Environment and Earth Science, 2014. 4.

Adu.A.A, A.O.J., Kusemiju.V, Heavy metals concentration in garden lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) grown along Badagry Expressway, Lagos, Nigeria. Transnational Journal of Science and Technology, 2012. 2.

Gebrekidan, A., et al., Toxicological assessment of heavy metals accumulated in vegetables and fruits grown in Ginfel river near Sheba Tannery, Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf, 2013. 95: p. 171-8.

Subhashini V., C.R., D. Harika and A.V.V.S. Swamy, Phytoremediation of heavy metal contaminated soils using Canna Indica L. International Journal of Applied Biosciences 2013. 1(1): p. 09-13

Tinker, P.B., Levels, distribution and chemical forms of trace elements in food plants. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 1981. 294(1071): p. 41-55.

Dudka, S., et al., Trace metal contamination of soils and crop plants by the mining and smelting industry in Upper Silesia, South Poland. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 1995. 52(1): p. 237-250.





Journal of Earth Science and Environment