UNDERSTANDING FROM POLICY TO REALITY IN IMPLEMENTATION OF FOREST LAND ALLOCATION: INSIGHT FROM TWO CASES STUDIES IN QUANG TRI PROVINCE, VIETNAM

Keywords

Forest land allocation (FLA)
ethnic minority
land policies
Quangtri province
rural livelihoods.

Abstract

Forest land allocation (FLA) that began in 1992, aims to protect the forest and to develop rural livelihoods. Although this policy has greatly contributed to the gaps between intentions and outcomes regarding forest and land policies in Vietnam, it is still remaining many problems and skepticism on its benefits for communities, especially ethnic minorities. Thus, this study aims to assess the implementation of FLA in upland areas of Quangtri province, thereby can give appropriate suggestions for local government, as well as indigenous people. Together with depth-interview and keynotes, a survey of 70 local people was carried out in 2018 at two communes of Vinhlinh district, namely VinhO and Vinhha. The results show that Vinhha commune is currently implementing the policy from the beginning of 2018, with 5.2 ha of residential land allocated to 51 individuals/households, each received 0.1ha on average. Meanwhile, VinhO commune has completed the implementation of FLA to ethnic minorities since 2016. More specifically, 520.5 hectares of land have allocated to 243 local people with an average of 2.14 ha/household. Of these, 55 households have received 0.5-1.9 ha on average, and 188 households were allocated from 2 to 2.5 ha. Though both local authorities and communities have expressed great efforts, the implementation of land forest allocation policy in Vinhlinh district has been facing challenges because of limited human capacity, complex geography, as well as biased economic policies and overlap among organizations
https://doi.org/10.26459/hueuni-jard.v129i3C.5814

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