NUTRITION COMPOSITION AND LIPID DISTRIBUTION IN THE FLESH OF SPECIES Anguilla marmorata NATURAL MINING IN THUA THIEN HUE, VIETNAM

Keywords

Natural eel
protein
lipid
moisture
total sugar
weight

Abstract

In Vietnam, the giant mottle eel Anguilla marmorata is the most widely distributed species with high nutritional value. Currently, this species is being exploited for aquaculture as well as for food supply. In this study, the basic nutritional components, including moisture, protein content, lipid content, and total sugar, were analyzed by eel from the wild at different volumes from 5 - 3200g. The results showed that eel flesh has high nutritional value with the moisture content of 60.4 ± 0.94% (53 -75%); protein content 19.54 ± 4.31% (11 - 26.5%); lipid content is 18,2 ± 1,02 % (15,5 - 28%) the total sugar is 1,34 ± 0,34 (mg/g) (1 - 2,2). The nutritional components and weight of eel are correlated according to the equation of the form Y = aln (W) + b (W is weight, Y is content of nutrition components, a is correlation coefficient, and b is constant) with r> 0.9. The nutritional components reach a stable value when the eel has a weight> 400g. The lipid content in eel flesh has the highest rate and concentrated distribution in the skin. When eels begin to participate in reproduction (weight> 500g), there is an increase in fat accumulation in muscle and flesh.
https://doi.org/10.26459/hueunijard.v129i3C.5848

References

  1. . Ministry of Science, Technology, and Environment (2007). Vietnam Red Book, animal part. Science and Technology Publishing House, Hanoi, page 31. (in Vietnamese)
  2. . Giap D.V. (2007). Analyze scientific data with MS-Excel software. Education Publishing House. (in Vietnamese)
  3. . Huyen K.T., Hue H.T., Linh N.Q. (2012). “Eel resources (Anguilla marmorata) in Quang Binh estuaries and protection solutions.” Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development, No. 5/2012, pages 61-76. (in Vietnamese with English abstract)
  4. . [AOAC] Association of Official Analytical Chemist. (2005). Official Method of Analysis of The Association of Official Analytical of Chemist. Arlington (U.S.): The Association of Official Analytical Chemist, Inc.
  5. . Ashraf M., Zafar A., Rauf A., Mehboob S. & Qureshi N.A. (2011). “Nutritional values of wild and cultivated silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) and grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella).” Int. J. Agric. Biol. 13: 210–214
  6. . Ege V. (1939). “A Revision of the Genus Anguilla Shaw, a Systematic, Phylogenetic and Geographical Study.” Dana Rep. 16:1-256.
  7. . Gad Degani, Hani Hahamu and Dan Levanon (1986). “The relationship of eel Anguilla Anguilla (L) body size, lipid, protein, glucose, ash, moisture composition and enzyme activity (Aldolase)”. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 84A (4), pp. 739-745.
  8. . Gulgun F, Sengor U, Alakavuk DU, Tosun S.Y. (2013). “Effect of cooking methods on proxymate composition, fatty acid composition, and cholesterol content of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)”. Journal Aqtuatic product technology. 22(2): 160-167.
  9. . Huss, H. H. (1988). Fresh fish quality and quality changes, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Danish International Development Agency, No. 29, Rome. FAO Fisheries Series 29.
  10. . Huyen K.T., Linh N.Q. (2019). “Characterization of giant mottled eel (Anguilla marmorata) gastrointestinal tract that origin from Thua Thien Hue, Vietnam”. J Fish Res. 2019;3(2):4-9. DOI: 10.35841/fisheries-research.3.2.4-9
  11. . Marion M. B., (1976). “A rapid and a sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram protein utilising the principle of protein-dye binding”. Anal. Biochem., 72: 248–254.
  12. . Nafsiyah I, Nurilmala M, Abdullah A. (2018). “Komposisi nutrisi ikan sidat Anguilla bicolor bicolor dan Anguilla marmorata/ Nutrient Composition of Eel Anguilla bicolor bicolor and Anguilla marmorata”. Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia. 21(3): 504-512.
  13. . Pike C, Crook V, Gollock M, Jacoby D. (2019). Anguilla marmorata (errata version published in 2020). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T166189A167699312. [Downloaded on 08 May 2020]. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-3.RLTS.T166189A167699312.en.
  14. . Oduor-Odote, P.M. & Kazungu, J.M. (2008). “The body composition of low value fish and their preparation into higher value snack food”. Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science, 7(1): 111–117. DOI: 10.4314/wiojms.v7i1.48271
  15. . Seo, J.S., Choi, J.H., Seo, J.H., Ahn, T.H., Chong, W. S., Kim, S.H. & Ahn, J.C. 2013. Comparison of major nutrients in eels Anguilla japonica cultured with different formula feeds or at different farms. Fish. Aqua. Sci. 16(2): 85-92
  16. . Watanabe S. (2003). Taxonomy of the Freshwater Eels, Genus Anguilla Schrank, 1798. In: Aida K., Tsukamoto K., Yamauchi K. (eds) Eel Biology. Springer, Tokyo. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-4-431-65907-5_1
  17. . Watanabe S, Aoyama J, Tsukamoto K. (2004). “Reexamination of Ege’s (1939) Use of taxonomic characters of the genus Anguilla”. Bulletin of Marine Science 74: 337–351.
  18. . Watanabe S, Aoyama J, Nishida M, Tsukamoto K. (2005). “A molecular genetic evaluation of the taxonomy of eels of the genus Anguilla (Pisces: Anguilliformes)”. Bulletin of Marine Science 76(3): 675–690.
  19. . Watanabe S, Miller MJ, Aoyama J, Tsukamoto K. (2009). “Morphological and meristic evaluation of the population structure of Anguilla marmorata across its range”. J. Fish Biol. 74: 2069–2093. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2009.02297.x
  20. . Widyasari, R. H. E., Kusharto, C. M., Wiryawan, B., Wiyono, E. S., & Suseno, S.H. (2014). “Pemanfaatan Limbah Ikan Sidat Indonesia (Anguilla bicolor) sebagai Tepung pada Industri Pengolahan Ikan di Palabuhanratu, Kabupaten Sukabumi”. J. Gizi dan Pangan, 8(3):215—220.
  21. . Wijayanti I, Setiyorini ESS. (2018). “Nutritional Content of Wild and Cultured Eel (Anguilla bicolor) from Southern Coast of Central Java”. Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan 23(1):37-44.
  22. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/ik.ijms.23.1.37-44