Chemical composition and acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity of essential oil from rhizomes of Distichochlamys benenica


Distichochlamys benenica
essential oil

How to Cite

Hoang HTN, Dinh TTT, Pham TV, Le HBT, Ho DV. Chemical composition and acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity of essential oil from rhizomes of Distichochlamys benenica. hueuni-jns [Internet]. 2021Jan.18 [cited 2024Jun.22];129(1D):43-9. Available from:


Twenty-seven constituents were identified by using GC/MS, representing 99.57% of the rhizome oil of Distichochlamys benenica. The major constituents of the essential oil are 1,8-cineole (54.39%), β-pinene (7.50%), (E)-citral (7.26%), and (Z)-citral (6.79%). The rhizome essential oil has anti-acetylcholinesterase activity with an IC50 value of 136.63 ± 2.70 mg/mL.


  1. Raut JS, Karuppayil SM. A status review on the medicinal properties of essential oils. Industrial Crops and Products. 2014;62:250-264.
  2. Swamy MK, Akhtar MS, Sinniah UR. Antimicrobial properties of plant essential oils against human pathogens and their mode of action: An updated review. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2016;2016:1-21.
  3. Reichling J, Schnitzler P, Suschke U, Saller R. Essential oils of aromatic plants with antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, and cytotoxic properties-an overview. Complementary Medicine Research. 2009;16(2):79-90.
  4. Solórzano-Santos F, Miranda-Novales MG. Essential oils from aromatic herbs as antimicrobial agents. Current Opinion in Biotechnology. 2011;23(2):136-141.
  5. Bassolé IHN, Juliani HR. Essential oils in combination and their antimicrobial properties. Molecules. 2012;17(4):3989-4006.
  6. Lakhdar L, Hmamouchi M, Rida S, Ennibi O. Antibacterial activity of essential oils against periodontal pathogens: A qualitative systematic review. Odontostomatol Trop. 2012;35(140):38-46.
  7. Woollard AC, Tatham KC, Barker S. The influence of essential oils on the process of wound healing: A review of the current evidence. Journal of Wound Care. 2007;16(6):255-257.
  8. Rakover Y, Ben-Arye E, Goldstein LH. The treatment of respiratory ailments with essential oils of some aromatic medicinal plants. Harefuah. 2008;147(10):783-838.
  9. Taga I, Lan CQ, Altosaar I. Plant essential oils and mastitis disease: Their potential inhibitory effects on pro-inflammatory cytokine production in response to bacteria related inflammation. Natural Products Communication. 2012;75(5): 1934578X1200700.
  10. Buchbauer G. On the biological properties of fragrance compounds and essential oils. Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift. 2004;154(21-22):539-547.
  11. Edris AE. Pharmaceutical and therapeutic potentials of essential oils and their individual volatile constituents: A review. Phytotherapy Research. 2007;21(4):308-323.
  12. Bester D, Esterhuyse AJ, Truter EJ, van Rooyen J. Cardiovascular effects of edible oils: a comparison between four popular edible oils. Nutrition Research Reviews. 2010;23(2):334-348.
  13. Nóbrega de Almeida R, Agra MDF, Negromonte Souto Maior F, De Sousa DP. Essential oils and their constituents: anticonvulsant activity. Molecules. 2011;16(3):2726-2742.
  14. Bagetta G, Morrone LA, Rombolà L, Amantea D, Russo R, Berliocchi L, et al. Neuropharmacology of the essential oil of bergamot. Fitoterapia. 2010; 81(6):453-461.
  15. Fallatah SA, Khater EI. Potential of medicinal plants in mosquito control. Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology. 2010;40(1):1-26.
  16. Pohlit AM, Lopes NP, Gama RA, Tadei WP, Neto VF. Patent literature on mosquito repellent inventions which contain plant essential oils--a review. Planta Medica. 2011;77(6):598-617.
  17. Newman MF. Distichochlamys, a new genus from Vietnam. Edinburgh Journal of Botany. 1995;52(1):65-69.
  18. Binh NQ, Jana LŠ. Distichochlamys benenica (Zingiberaceae), a new species from Vietnam. The Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore. 2012;64(1):195-200.
  19. Larsen K, Newman MF. A new species of Distichochlamys from Vietnam and some observations on generic limits in Hedychieae (Zingebraceae). Natural History Bulletin of the Siam Society. 2001;49(1):77-80.
  20. Rehse T, Kress WJ. Distichochlamys rubrostriata (Zingiberaceae), a new species from northern Vietnam. Brittonia. 2003;55(3):205-208.
  21. Tuyet NTB. Research on the chemical compositions of some Vietnamese Distichochlamys species of Distichochlamys rubrostriata W. J. Kress & Rehse and Pukdarak. Vietnam Journal of Material Medicine. 2012;17(2):112-116. Vietnamese
  22. Ty PV, Duc HV, Thang LQ. Chemical composition of essential oil from the rhizomes of Distichochlamys citrea collected in Central Vietnam. Journal of Sciences, An Giang University. 2015;8(4): 60-65. Vietnamese
  23. Huong LT, Chau DTM, Hung NV, Dai DN, Ogunwande IA. Volatile constituents of Distichochlamys citrea M. F. Newman and Distichochlamys orlowii K. Larsen & M. F. Newman (Zingiberaceae) from Vietnam. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research. 2017;11(9):188-193.
  24. Adams RP. Identification of essential oil components by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. 4th Edition. Illinois: Allured Publishing. 2017. 804 p.
  25. Ellman GL, Courtne KD, Andres VJ, Feather-Stone RM. A new and rapid colorimetric determination of acetylcholinesterase activity. Biochemical Pharmacology. 1961;7(2):88-95.
  26. Dohi S, Terasaki M, Makino M. Acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity and chemical composition of commercial essential oils. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 2009;57(10):4313-4318.
  27. Srivastava N, Singh B, Chanda D, Shanker K. Chemical composition and acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity of Artemisia maderaspatana essential oil. Pharmaceutical Biology. 2015;53(11): 1677-1683.
  28. Bonesi M, Menichini F, Tundis R, Loizzo MR, Conforti F, Passalacqua NG, et al. Acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase inhibitory activity of Pinus species essential oils and their constituents. Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry. 2010;25(5):622-628.
  29. Savelev S, Okello E, Perry NS, Wilkins RM, Perry EK. Synergistic and antagonistic interactions of anticholinesterase terpenoids in Salvia lavandulaefolia essential oil. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior. 2003;75(3):661-668.
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2020 Array