Genetic diversity of giant mottled eel (Anguilla marmorata Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) by RAPD in Thua Thien Hue province, Vietnam


Anguilla marmorata is a high economic value species with and increasingly interested by organizations and scientists. So far, many of the eel's biological characteristics remain mysterious, and they are often classified according to morphological features such as pigmentation patches, number of vertebrae, ... It is even difficult to distinguish one individual from another in some species, especially in the larval stage. In this study, the Random amplification of polymorphic DNA (RAPD) molecular marker was used to evaluate the genetic diversity of 48 eel samples collected in Thua Thien Hue province. Results showed that the genetic diversity of individuals in the eel population studied is quite high. With 8 random primers via PCR, 77 DNA tapes with 76 polymorphic tapes were obtained, the tape size ranged from 170-2,500 bp, in which primer S10 showed the highest diversity with an average Ho value of 0.563, followed by primer S8 (Ho = 0.558). The lowest diversity was in the OPD5 primer (Ho = 0.300). The OPG17 primer is the primer that produces the most polymorphic tapes (13/13 tapes) and the S3 primer for the least amplified tapes polymorphism (9/10 DNA tapes). The diversity coefficient in each random primer ranged from about 0.300 to 0.563, with an average of 0.433. The genetic variation in the Eel population is random. Genetic variation can be attributed mainly to different eel breeding conditions and origins. Genetic similarity coefficients among the Eels varied from 0.660 to 0.910 and were divided into two main groups in genetic similarity coefficient 0.660.
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